Here are some steps to become an Ethical Hacker.
Step : 1 Learn the Ins and Outs of Linux and Unix
LINUX/UNIX, which is an open-source operating system, offers improved safety for computer systems. Since Linux is one of the operating systems that is frequently used for hacking, it is important that you have a solid understanding of it if you want to be considered an ethical hacker. It gives hackers access to a large number of tools. Red Hat Linux, Ubuntu, Kali Linux, BackTrack, and a number of other Linux distributions are examples of popular choices. Out of all of these, Kali Linux is the most well-known distribution of Linux that has been modified specifically for the purpose of hacking.
Step : 2 Choose the language that was the progenitor of all other programming languages.
C is often referred to as the “mother” of all programming languages despite the fact that it is one of the most fundamental computer languages. C is the only language used in the development of the UNIX and Linux operating systems,and linux certification. hence knowing this programming language is essential to become proficient in both operating systems. Hackers need to become proficient in the C programming language in order to have the freedom to make use of the open-source operating system Linux in any way they see fit.
If you want to get ahead of the competition, you should try to become proficient in multiple programming languages. A piece of code can be broken down and analyzed by an ethical hacker who has a solid understanding of two or three different programming languages. The following list contains some of the greatest programming languages for hackers:
- Python: Extensively used for exploit writing
- PHP: Helps fight against malicious attackers
- SQL: Best for hacking large databases
Step 3 Master the technique of being anonymous.
Learning how to remain anonymous and conceal your identity when operating online is the first and most essential step toward engaging in ethical hacking. This ensures that no traces are left behind and that no one can track you down. When an ethical hacker is working on a network, they may not be aware of anyone else is working on the same network. If a black hat hacker discovers that there is someone else working on the network, they may attempt to hack their system. Therefore, maintaining a level of anonymity is essential even for ethical hackers. The use of Anonsurf, Proxychains, and MacChanger are the three strategies that offer the greatest potential for protecting your identity.
Step 4 Become Familiar with Different Concepts Regarding Networking
It is essential for ethical hackers to have a solid understanding of networking fundamentals as well as how networks are built. When trying to exploit vulnerabilities, it is helpful to have a solid understanding of a variety of networks and protocols. An ethical hacker who is well-versed in the use of several networking tools, like Nmap, Wireshark, and others, has a far better chance of thriving in this environment. The following are some important concepts related to networking:
- TCP/IP Network
- Network Masks and CIDR
- Simple Network Management Protocol
- Server Message Block
- Domain Name Service (DNS)
- Address Resolution Protocol
- Wireless Networks
- Bluetooth Networks
- SCADA Networks (Modbus)
- Automobile Networks (CAN)
Step 5 Explore the Secret Labyrinth.
The term “dark web” refers to the portion of the internet that is either intentionally kept hidden or is simply not indexed by search engines. Access to it is restricted and requires specialized authorisation or software. Access to the dark web can be gained by use of the anonymizing browser known as Tor. Even though it is a hub for illegal behavior, the “dark web” does not include only unlawful content. It is necessary for hackers who adhere to ethical standards to acquire knowledge of the dark web and become familiar with its operation.
Step 6 Include “Secret Writing” in your repertoire of skills.
For an ethical hacker, knowledge of cryptography and other forms of secret writing are essential skills. Learning how to encrypt and decrypt data is an essential skill for anyone interested in hacking. The use of encryption can be found in a variety of information security applications, including authentication, maintaining data integrity and secrecy, and many more. On a network, information that is considered valuable, such as passwords, are always encrypted. For a hacker to be successful, they must first learn how to recognize the encryption and then break it.
Step 7 Explore the world of hacking in more depth.
After you have a good understanding of the material that has been presented up to this point, you should delve deeper into hacking principles and learn about a variety of issues related to hacking, such as SQL injections, penetration testing, and vulnerability assessment. Maintain an up-to-date knowledge of the most recent updates to the system’s security, as well as the most recent tools and methods for hacking and securing a system.
Step 8 Investigate the Vulnerabilities.
In a system, weaknesses, sometimes known as loopholes, are referred to as vulnerabilities. Develop your ability to search systems and networks for vulnerabilities that could result in a breach of security. Hackers with a moral conscience have the option of trying to write their own weaknesses and exploiting the system. The following is a list of vulnerability identification tools that are included in the Kali Linux operating system:
- The Nessus Vulnerability Scanner is a tool that identifies security flaws in numerous systems as well as online applications.
- OpenVAS Vulnerability Scanner is a tool that identifies security flaws in the devices that make up a network.
- Nikto Vulnerability Scanner is a tool that acknowledges the existence of vulnerabilities on web servers.
- Nmap Vulnerability Scanner is a tool that identifies security flaws in a number of different targets.
- The Wapiti Vulnerability Scanner is a tool that may detect problems with web applications such as XSS and SQLi.
Step 9 Practice and exploration are the keys to mastering hacking.
The best way to become successful in the realm of hacking is to put in the time to practice and explore. Hackers who operate ethically are required to put their knowledge to the test in a variety of contexts and situations. Experiment with a wide variety of attacks, tools, and other things.
Step 10 Participate in Conversations and Talk to Experienced Hackers
Build a community of fellow hackers from around the world, or participate in online forums where they talk, with the goal of exchanging and sharing information and working together. There are numerous communities on various platforms, including Discord, Facebook, Telegram, and others.